Krasnodar is the capital of Krasnodar Territory, SE European Russia, on the Kuban River. It is located to the east of the Black Sea. Krasnodar population is about 764,000 (2012), land area - 192 sq. km.
The city was founded in 1794 by Zaporozhe (Black Sea) Cossacks upon orders from Catherine II and it was their administrative centre and called Ekaterinodar (Yekaterinodar). For a long time it also served as a military centre and protected Russia's Caucasian frontier. After the October Revolution, Yekaterinodar was renamed Krasnodar in 1920. In the first half of the 19th century Yekaterinodar became a busy center of the Kuban Cossacks.