07.01.2014

Урок английского "Зимняя Олимпиада в Сочи 2014" (English lesson "Sochi Olympics 2014")

Скоро начнется зимняя олимпиада в Сочи, городе в Краснодарском крае, и, мне кажется, урок  о ней будет неплохим продолжением интерактивных уроков уроков по английскому языку, которые я уже создала раньше. Любые ссылки, комментарии и дополнения к этому уроку будут очень кстати. Урок создан для  уровней pre-intermidiate - intermidiate.

Vocabulary


announce /əˈnaʊns/ - to tell people something officially, especially about a decision, plans, etc
approximately /əˈprɒksɪmətli/ - used to show that something is almost, but not completely, accurate or correct
average /ˈævərɪdʒ/ - calculated by adding several amounts together, finding a total, and dividing the total by the number of amounts
breakup - the division of a large organization or country into smaller parts
cluster /ˈklʌstə(r)/ - a group of things of the same type that grow or appear close together
comprise /kəmˈpraɪz/ - to have somebody/something as parts or members
ensure /ɪnˈʃʊə(r)/ - to make sure that something happens or is definite
estimate /ˈestɪmeɪt/ -  to form an idea of the cost, size, value etc. of something, but without calculating it exactly
frost /frɒst/ - a weather condition in which the temperature drops below 0°C (= freezing point ) so that a thin white layer of ice forms on the ground and other surfaces, especially at night
inhabit  /ɪnˈhæbɪt/ - to live in a particular place
involve /ɪnˈvɒlv/ -  if a situation, an event or an activity involves something, that thing is an important or necessary part or result of it
mascot /ˈmæskət/ - an animal, a toy, etc. that people believe will bring them good luck, or that represents an organization, etc
Mediterranean  /ˌmedɪtəˈreɪniən/ - connected with the Mediterranean Sea or the countries and regions that surround it; typical of this area
neighbour /ˈneɪbə(r)/ - a person who lives next to you or near you
representative /ˌreprɪˈzentətɪv/ - a person who has been chosen to speak or vote for somebody else or on behalf of a group
severe /sɪˈvɪə(r)/ - extremely bad or serious
shore  /ʃɔː(r)/ - the land along the edge of the sea or ocean, a lake or another large area of water
surround /səˈraʊnd/ - to be all around something/somebody
venue /ˈvenjuː/ - a place where people meet for an organized event, for example a concert, sporting event or conference


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Reading Practice


The 2014 Winter Olympics


The 2014 Winter Olympics, officially the XXII Olympic Winter Games  take place from 6 to 23 February 2014, in Sochi, Russia. Ninety-eight events in fifteen winter sports will be held. Both the Olympics and 2014 Winter Paralympics are being organized by the Sochi Organizing Committee (SOC).
 The Sochi Olympics is the first Olympics in the Russian Federation since the breakup of the USSR.The USSR. was the host of the 1980 Summer Olympics held in and around Moscow.




The host city Sochi is situated in Krasnodar region, which is the third largest region in Russia. Inhabited by around 430,000 people representing over 100 nationalities, the city of Sochi is part of the Krasnodar Region, which has a population of 5.1 million people. Sochi is located in a unique climatic zone on the shore of the Black Sea, at the foot of the Western Caucasus mountain region. Sochi is famous for its unique combination of Mediterranean and Alpine climate. The average snow cover in the mountains is 2 meters. In winter, the temperature is regularly below zero, but there are usually no severe frosts.

Construction in preparation for the Games involves building new venues and modernizing the telecommunications, electric power, and transportation systems of this area. The Games are organised in two clusters: a coastal cluster for ice events in Sochi, and a mountain cluster located in the Krasnaya Polyana Mountains. This makes it one of the most compact Games ever, with around 30 minutes travel time from the coastal to mountain cluster.

The Sochi Olympic Park is built along the Black Sea coast in the Imeretinskaya Valley, where all the ice venues such as the Bolshoi Ice Palace, the Maly Ice Palace, the Olympic Oval, the Sochi Olympic Skating Centre, the Olympic Curling Centre, the Central Stadium, the Main Olympic Village and the International Broadcast Centre and Main Press Centre, are built anew for the 2014 Games. The Park ensures a very compact concept with an average distance of 6km between the Olympic Village and the other coastal venues.

The mountain cluster in Krasnaya Polyana is home to all the skiing and sliding sports. The mountain concept is again a very compact one with only an average distance of 4km between the mountain sub-village and the venues. There is also be a sub-media centre in the mountain cluster.

Sochi 2014 in figures


  • 11 new world-class sports venues in Sochi, with seat capacity of around 120,000;
  • 98 sets of medals to be competed for across 7 Olympic sports. That's 12 sets more than in Vancouver 2010, and 14 sets more than in Turin 2006;
  • 72 sets of medals to be contested in 5 Paralympic sports;
  • 6,000 Olympic athletes and team members hosted in Sochi for the Olympic Winter Games;
  • 1,650 Paralympic athletes and team members hosted at the Paralympic Winter Games in Sochi;
  • Approximately 85 countries will take part in the Olympic Winter Games in Sochi;
  • 45 countries will take part in the Paralympic Winter Games in Sochi;
  • 25,000 volunteers will work at the Sochi 2014 Olympic Winter Games;
  • Around 13,000 representatives of the press and photographers will be accredited at the Sochi 2014 Olympic Winter Games;
  • An estimated 3 billion TV viewers throughout the world will be watching the Sochi 2014 Olympic Winter Games.

Mascots


To create mascots for the Sochi Olympycs nationwide competition was announced. Three winners were selected during the live vote, part of the "Talismania. Sochi 2014. Finals" show and became official Olympic mascots.The leopard, polar bear and hare are mascots of the 2014 Winter Olympic Games in Sochi. They were chosen from 11 options by popular vote in 2011.




Volunteers

The Sochi 2014 Volunteer Team is comprised of 23,000 Russians, drawn from 26 volunteer centres based at educational institutions across the country, with another 2,000 coming from outside the country.The United States will provide the largest contingent of foreign volunteers with 10 per cent, followed by nine per cent from neighbouring Ukraine, with Canada, the United Kingdom and Kazakhstan providing eight per cent.The average age of the volunteers is 25 with 60 per cent male and 40 per cent female. Around 928 of the volunteers are classed as being in the "silver-age group", say organisers, with an average age of 62, with 16 per cent of these being from foreign countries.Sochi provides 24 per cent of the volunteers, mostly drawn from the Krosnador region that surrounds the city, while large numbers of volunteers have also been drawn from Moscow, St Petersburg and the Rostov region.


Reading Comprehension

For better understanding of this text answer the questions in the test below:

              

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